We are committed to providing you with relevant and reliable information about the symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of spinal conditions. Nevertheless, the information provided on this Web site is for educational purposes only. After all, what you read here cannot replace the relationship that you have with your healthcare professional. Always consult your healthcare professional before acting on any health-related information that you read on this or any other Web site.

Unless specified otherwise, our own staff writes and/or edits all the content on this Web site.

Prior to publishing any content on the site, it is reviewed by a medically qualified professional (e.g., orthopedic surgeon, neurosurgeon, physicians assistant, nurse) to ensure appropriateness, accuracy, and completeness. It is then reviewed by a technical writer for consistency, coherence, structure, and format.

Medically qualified professionals contribute a wealth of content to this site. A byline accompanies this content, giving the author’s name and medical credentials.

Where appropriate, content on this site is supported by references to source data.

The date when an article of content was posted and last modified is displayed at the bottom of the article.

If you have questions or comments about our editorial policy, write us a letter, sent First Class Postage Prepaid U.S. Mail or overnight courier, addressed as follows:

Spinal and Biologics
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1800 Pyramid Place
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